Emergency Responses


Detailed Discussion

A Landslide is the downward  and  outward  movement of slope-forming materials  including soil, artificial fill, or a combination of these  materials. Stabilization or restoration of failed slopes is only eligible in the circumstances described below.

Emergency Work: If a disaster-related landslide poses an immediate threat to life, public  health and  safety, or improved public  or private  property, cost-effective measures  for reducing the threat may be eligible.  Examples include:

 Temporary drainage measures

 Temporary ground protection

 Partial excavation  at the head  to reduce driving force

 Backfilling or buttressing the toe

 Installing barriers to redirect debris flow

 Temporary relocation of the facility’s function, when it is cost- effective and otherwise  meets criteria  for temporary relocation

 Site grading

Such  measures  must  be temporary. FEMA will provide  assistance  to stabilize the  area  of the  immediate threat only; FEMA will not  assist with the stabilization of an entire hillside  or with long-term stabilization of the limited  area.

Permanent Work: If a disaster-related landslide damages an eligible facility, repairs to that facility and replacement of a reasonable  amount  of lost integral ground necessary to support the facility are eligible as long as the site is stable. If the site is not stable and the instability was caused by the disaster, the site is eligible only if the work to stabilize the site is cost effective. If the site was unstable before the disaster, the applicant must pay to stabilize the site before FEMA will provide funds to repair the facility. Natural slopes and hillsides do not qualify as a facility and are not eligible for permanent work assistance.

In some  cases, the  stability of a site cannot be determined by visual inspection, and  a geotechnical study may be necessary to determine the existence  and cause of instability (see Geotechnical Study).

If the disaster  is the exclusive cause of site instability, FEMA can assist with slope stabilization  that is necessary to restore  a facility.

Related Subjects & Topics

Emergency Responses

No items found.

This website  is intended as a national source of information about  the delivery of  financial recovery services. It includes resources on eligibility, procurement, grant management delivery, and issues related to various Federal Programs currently supporting FEMA  Public Assistance program  financial recovery for governments and non-profits. This website is not affiliated or endorsed or sponsored  by  FEMA  or any other Federal grant program. The information provided in various webpage documents is derived largely from Federal  published materials. In general, under section 105 of the Copyright Act, such works are not entitled to domestic copyright protection under U.S. law and are therefore in the public domain.  The goal is to help navigate the various Federal websites and summarize grant information and requirements. It does not constitute legal advice or grant management advise and is provided for general informational purposes only. Only the Federal Agency responsible for grants can make determinations on eligibility and grant amounts. You should consult with your professional services advisors and State and Federal Grant Coordinators for more detailed guidance on specific FEMA Public Assistance financial recovery issues.

Please review the Terms of Use and Disclaimers and your continued use confirms your acceptance